Glossary

GLOSSARY

Apache: The most common web server (or HTTP server) software on the Internet. Apache is an open-source application originally created from a series of changes (“patches”) made to a web server written at the National Centre for Supercomputing Applications, the same place the Mosaic web browser was created. Apache is designed as a set of modules, enabling administrators to choose which features they wish to use and making it easy to add features to meet specific needs including handling protocols other than the web-standard HTTP.

 Aliases or “Email forwarders”: incoming mail is redirected to another mailbox.

 Backbone:  The network of connections and high-speed lines that forms the infrastructure of the Internet.  An important consideration in choosing a Web site host is that host’s proximity to the backbone.  The less intermediate network distance between your provider and the backbone, the faster and more reliable your Web site will be.

 Bandwidth: The amount of data that can be sent through a network connection, measured in bits per second (bps).

 Database: A database is a computer program that allows you to store and access large amounts of information in a logical, ordered fashion.

 Your Domain Name: It is the unique name that identifies your Internet web site. For instance, www.ljnetconsultants.com is the domain name for the company LJNet Consultants.

 Your Domain registration: Once the domain name is selected, we register it to your name so as to make it your property and unique. Once registered, your domain name cannot be used by anyone else. We make sure that every year its registration is renewed to ensure that you are the owner.

 Counter: A counter keeps track of the number of users that have visited a web site.  A counter may be visible or hidden to the user.

 Email “Electronic Mail”: Message, usually text, sent from one person to another via computers. E-mail can also be sent automatically to a large number of addresses.

 Form: It is a document designed with fill-in text boxes, lists of options, and other elements that allow the user of the form to send information back to the web server (e.g. registration form, submission form, query form, booking form, order form, etc.)

 FTP “File Transfer Protocol”: A very common method of moving files between two Internet sites. FTP is a way to login to another Internet site for the purposes of retrieving and/or sending files. 

 Hit: It is a single request from a web browser for a single item from a web server; thus in order for a web browser to display a page that contains 3 graphics, 4 ?hits? would occur at the server: 1 for the HTML page, and one for each of the 3 graphics.

 Home Page (or Homepage):It is the web page that your browser is set to use when it starts up. The more common meaning refers to the main web page for a business, organization, person or simply the main page out of a collection of web pages.

 Host: Any computer on a network that is a repository for services available to other computers on the network. It is quite common to have one host machine provide several services, such as SMTP (email) and HTTP (web).

Hosting: By “hosting” your web site, LJNet Consultants provides on its web servers the “space” required for your web site (and its web pages) and the resources to be available to your web page visitors.

 Internet (Upper case I): The vast collection of inter-connected networks that are connected using the TCP/IP protocols and that evolved from the ARPANET of the late 60’s and early 70’s. The Internet connects tens of thousands of independent networks into a vast global internet and is probably the largest Wide Area Network in the world.

 IT “Information Technology”: This term does not mean “computer”…it is however a very general term referring to the entire field of Information Technology – anything from computer hardware to programming to network and business management.

 LAN “Local Area Network”: A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building

 Link: A link is a pointer to another internal page (a page within the web site)

 Listing: The success of your web site listing resides in the way the web site is designed (metatags, description and keywords). New sites are given reduced ranking for the first few months. Major Search engines are our local Ananzi Funnel, Google (which feeds about 80 search engines), Yahoo Web Pages, Yahoo Index, AltaVista, AOL Search, Exactseek, Metacrawler, etc…

 Maillist (or Mailing List): A (usually automated) system that allows people to send e-mail to one address, whereupon their message is copied and sent to all of the other subscribers to the Maillist. In this way, people who have many different kinds of e-mail access can participate in discussions together.

 Maintenance:  This includes any changes or updates on the text, graphics and forms making up the web site.

 Network: Any time 2 or more computers are connected together so that they can share resources, you have a computer network. The connection of 2 or more networks together creates an Internet.

 Portal: Usually used as a marketing term to described a Web site that is or is intended to be the first place people see when using the Web. Typically a “Portal site” has a catalogue of web sites, a search engine, or both. A Portal site may also offer email and other service to entice people to use that site as their main “point of entry” (hence “portal”) to the Web.

 Search Engine: Typically, a search engine works by sending out a spider to fetch as many documents as possible. Another program, called an indexer, then reads these documents and creates an index based on the words contained in each document.

 Server: A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers. The term can refer to a particular piece of software, such as a WWW server, or to the computer on which the software is running.

 Unix: A computer operating system (the basic software running on a computer, underneath things like word processors and spreadsheets). It is the most common operating system for servers on the Internet.

 WAN “Wide Area Network”: Any internet or network that covers an area larger than a single building or campus

 Web: Short for “World Wide Web”.

Web page: It is a document typically written in “developer’s language” like html, php, or perl, etc…. , which contains images, logos, text, forms, links to other pages, etc.  It is designed for viewing in a Web Browser on the Internet or World Wide Web such as Netscape, Internet Explorer.

Web site: A web site may have only one page or many pages. It is the entire collection of web pages and other information (such as images, sound, and video files.) that are made available through what appears to users as a single web server. Typically all the pages in a web site share the same basic URL, for example the following URL’s are all for pages within the same web site.